File Name: psychological testing and assessment an introduction to tests and measurement .zip
Psychological tests are written, visual, or verbal evaluations administered to assess the cognitive and emotional functioning of children and adults. Psychological tests are used to assess a variety of mental abilities and attributes, including achievement and ability, personality, and neurological functioning. For children, academic achievement, ability, and intelligence tests may be used as tools in school placement, in determining the presence of a learning disability or a developmental delay , in identifying giftedness, or in tracking intellectual development. Intelligence testing may also be used with teens and young adults to determine vocational ability e.
Psychological testing , also called psychometrics , the systematic use of tests to quantify psychophysical behaviour, abilities, and problems and to make predictions about psychological performance. When intended to predict relatively distant future behaviour e. In such settings as guidance offices, mental-health clinics, and psychiatric hospitals, tests of ability and personality may be helpful in the diagnosis and detection of troublesome behaviour. Industry and government alike have been prodigious users of tests for selecting workers. Research workers often rely on tests to translate theoretical concepts e.
Psychological testing is the administration of psychological tests. Scores are thought to reflect individual or group differences in the construct the test purports to measure. According to Anastasi and Urbina, psychological tests involve observations made on a "carefully chosen sample [emphasis authors] of an individual's behavior. Psychological tests can include a series of tasks or problems that the respondent has to solve. Psychological tests can include questionnaires and interviews , which are also designed to measure unobserved constructs. Questionnaire- and interview-based scales typically differ from psychoeducational tests, which ask for a respondent's maximum performance. Questionnaire- and interview-based scales, by contrast, ask for the respondent's typical behavior.
Psychological tests also known as mental measurements, psychological instruments, psychometric tests, inventories, rating scales are standardized measures of a particular psychological variable such as personality, intelligence, or emotional functioning. They often consist of a series of questions that subjects rank as true or false, or according to a Likert-type scale agree, somewhat agree Many tests are commercially published. One well-known commercial test is the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Commercial or published tests may need to be purchased from the publisher, and publishers may require proof that users have the professional credentials to administer the test.
Psychology. Contents. Cohen−Swerdlik • Psychological Testing and Assessment: An Introduction to Tests and. Measurement, Seventh Edition. Front Matter. 1.
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This page is maintained as a service to mental health professionals. The scales and measures listed here are designed to assist clinicians to practice effectively. Resources linked-to from this page should only be used by appropriately qualified, experienced, and supervised professionals. Psychology Tools does not host any of these scales and cannot take responsibility for the accuracy or availability of linked resources. To the best of our knowledge the assessment measures listed here are either free of copyright restrictions, or are being shared by the relevant rights-holders. Mental health professionals use a variety of instruments to assess mental health and wellbeing.
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