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Prevention And Control Of Tuberculosis Pdf

prevention and control of tuberculosis pdf

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Published: 14.04.2021

Metrics details. In , an estimated 8. With its recent resurgence with the human immunodeficiency virus HIV ; TB prevention and management has become further challenging.

Tuberculosis TB is an infectious disease that usually affects the lungs, though it can affect any organ in the body. It can develop when bacteria spread through droplets in the air. TB can be fatal, but in many cases, it is preventable and treatable.

HIV, STD, and TB Services

Tuberculosis TB is a potentially serious infectious disease that mainly affects your lungs. The bacteria that cause tuberculosis are spread from one person to another through tiny droplets released into the air via coughs and sneezes. Once rare in developed countries, tuberculosis infections began increasing in , partly because of the emergence of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. HIV weakens a person's immune system so it can't fight the TB germs. In the United States, because of stronger control programs, tuberculosis began to decrease again in , but remains a concern. Many strains of tuberculosis resist the drugs most used to treat the disease. People with active tuberculosis must take several types of medications for many months to eradicate the infection and prevent development of antibiotic resistance.

Tuberculosis is spread from one person to the next through the air when people who have active TB in their lungs cough, spit, speak, or sneeze. As of one quarter of the world's population is thought to have latent infection with TB. Tuberculosis may infect any part of the body, but most commonly occurs in the lungs known as pulmonary tuberculosis. General signs and symptoms include fever, chills , night sweats, loss of appetite , weight loss, and fatigue. The upper lung lobes are more frequently affected by tuberculosis than the lower ones.

Tuberculosis, an infectious disease caused by bacteria, is a leading cause of death worldwide, despite being preventable and often curable. When a person with active TB coughs, sneezes, or spits, the bacteria spreads into the air where it may be inhaled by and infect others. In , there were Although active TB is treatable and curable in most cases, 8 an estimated 1. TB and HIV are frequently referred to as co-epidemics or dual epidemics due to their high rate of co-infection. TB is a leading cause of death among people with HIV, especially in developing countries.

All you need to know about tuberculosis (TB)

NCBI Bookshelf. Tuberculosis in Adults and Children. London: Springer; Prevention is the key to stop transmission of TB. It consists of early diagnosis and treatment of active TB to stop infectiousness, the prevention of active disease in exposed or known latently infected individuals and vaccination.

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Community based interventions for the prevention and control of tuberculosis

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Tuberculosis Infection Control: A Practical Manual for Preventing TB

5 Comments

  1. Damiana B.

    17.04.2021 at 14:37
    Reply

    Statistics from on tuberculosis infection in New Jersey are available for download.

  2. Brigitte D.

    17.04.2021 at 16:48
    Reply

    Historically, TB control activities largely focused on the most infectious patients – those who have sputum smear-positive pulmonary TB – because preventing TB.

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  5. Guitiomenri

    20.04.2021 at 10:44
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    TB Prevention and Control Saskatchewan clinical policies and procedures are organized according to these sections:.

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