File Name: compare and contrast formative and summative assessment .zip
In our last blog post, we introduced formative assessment , talked about its strengths and where it fits into lesson planning. We also mentioned summative assessment as a complementary form of assessment, but one which holds a different purpose. Formative assessment is an ongoing, flexible, and more informal diagnostic tool. While summative assessment is, as the word implies, an evaluation of the sum product of the lesson. Summative assessments are more formal, structured, and often used to normalize performance so they can be measured and compared. The comparison of students final performance against a benchmark can be limiting as it defines only a specific achievement goal. As a result, it requires evaluation along with a standardized path to that goal.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. This chapter discusses the relationships between formative and summative assessments—both in the classroom and externally. In addition to teachers, site-and district-level administrators and decision makers are target audiences. External test developers also may be interested. Teachers inevitably are responsible for assessment that requires them to report on student progress to people outside their own classrooms.
Assessment allows both instructor and student to monitor progress towards achieving learning objectives, and can be approached in a variety of ways. Formative assessment refers to tools that identify misconceptions, struggles, and learning gaps along the way and assess how to close those gaps. It can include students assessing themselves, peers, or even the instructor, through writing, quizzes, conversation, and more. In short, formative assessment occurs throughout a class or course, and seeks to improve student achievement of learning objectives through approaches that can support specific student needs Theal and Franklin, , p. In contrast, summative assessments evaluate student learning, knowledge, proficiency, or success at the conclusion of an instructional period, like a unit, course, or program.
as formative assessment in schools today vary widely. Almost any assessment instrument can be used for summative or formative purposes, but In contrast, the feedback from a summative assessment—whether given in the classroom or.
By: Chris Zook on December 14th, They're both essential parts of any curriculum map. But what do they actually mean? In a nutshell, formative assessments are quizzes and tests that evaluate how someone is learning material throughout a course. Summative assessments are quizzes and tests that evaluate how much someone has learned throughout a course. To really understand formative vs.
What kind of assessment strategy should you choose for your lesson or teaching? It all depends on the huge differences between them. So, what exactly are those differences? You can tell from their definitions that those two evaluation strategies are not meant to evaluate in the same way. As the definition already gave away, formative assessment is an ongoing activity.
The focus is on the outcome.
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