File Name: philippine and international radio laws and regulations .zip
The challenges facing community radio remain similar all over the Asia-Pacific region. The AlterMidya Network is a national network of independent, progressive, and community-centred media organizations, institutions and individuals in the Philippines.
Founded in during the 1st National Conference of Alternative Media, the network has over 30 member organizations from print, online, and broadcast media, including several community radio stations and programs in the major Philippine islands of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.
In Mindanao, the Radyo ni Juan network is present not just in major cities, but even in second and third class municipalities that large commercial radio stations usually ignore. While itself a commercial outfit, Radyo ni Juan has a strong community radio component, helping to set up stations for underserved communities of farmers and indigenous peoples. Transmitting on 1, watts to cover the provinces of Bukidnon and Misamis Oriental, Radyo Lumad disseminates traditional knowledge, music and chants; as well as national and international news.
Meanwhile, in various radio programs of member outfits in Western and Central Visayas, as well as the Bicol region, fisherfolk and farmers often take the microphone to air concerns on issues affecting their livelihood — such as delays in government livelihood assistance, the buying price of agricultural produce, no fishing zones, etc. They also relate cases of human rights violations brought about by militarization, which the public would otherwise not be aware of. In the Cordillera region, Radyo Sagada broadcasts in mountainous areas that are underserved by the mainstream media, and is run by mostly indigenous women.
These women are also active in community affairs such as disaster risk reduction management and campaigns to end violence against women and children. The national secretariat of the AlterMidya Network, which is based in Metro Manila, produces news and public affairs shows that feature contributions from members around the country.
Unlike corporate media newscasts, the stories which appear in our newscast, ALAB Alternatibong Balita Alternative News , are deeply rooted in the daily struggles of communities of workers, farmers, indigenous peoples, migrants, urban poor, women and youth.
The ALAB newscast and public affairs shows are broadcasted to member community radio stations and programs throughout the Philippines. Being an archipelago, a newscast that spans diverse communities in several islands, and which is told in various local languages, is invaluable. Our aim is to unite people from various marginalized communities through the propagation of cultural knowledge, news, and discussion of social issues relevant to the people.
Through our stories, many similarities in problems faced by communities have emerged: land-grabbing, demolition, environmental destruction, militarization and human rights violations, labour violations, violence against women, high prices of goods and commodities, etc. Through community radio, AlterMidya provides discussion platforms that reveal the nature of such problems, and links communities to ideas and practices on how these problems can be solved or are being solved in different localities throughout the Philippines.
Before that, an interesting discussion had taken place during one of the workshops — participants from all over the region expressed the need for AMARC, as an international organization of community radio practitioners, to craft a policy paper that would map the community radio media policy landscape in the Asia Pacific, and come up with a set of recommendations that could be used as tools in lobbying for policies that will strengthen community radio in each country.
In the Philippines, broadcasting laws and regulations are not conducive for the proliferation and growth of community radio. Practically only public and private or commercial broadcasting companies are provided for under Republic Act RA , or An Act Providing for the Regulation of Radio Stations and Radio Communications, which furthermore requires companies to secure a legislative franchise to operate.
Imagine the tedious process one has to undergo to be granted a broadcast franchise, since it is given the same way as laws are enacted in the Philippines: a lawmaker has to sponsor the measure, it has to go through committee hearings and a discussion in the House plenary, it has to gather enough signatures from lawmakers, from where, if approved, it goes to the president for signing.
As if that were not enough, once granted a license, the National Telecommunications Commission NTC has to issue permits for the use of frequencies. Local Government Units also impose additional requirements for radio stations to operate.
Such a system is highly vulnerable to corrupt practices and threats of harassment and actual closure, especially in a political climate of tyranny and fear. For instance, Philippine President. The NTC also decided this year to close down 30 radio stations in the Davao region for allegedly lacking permits to operate.
There have been several incidents wherein the closure of radio stations was ordered by local government officials under the pretext of lacking permits, but in reality, was due to the said station being owned by a rival politician, or having exposed corruption. If commercial broadcasting companies experience difficulties in acquiring government permits to operate, then it is doubly difficult for community radios.
In the Philippines, there is no special law, nor a provision in existing laws, that mandates the government to allot airwaves for non-profit, community broadcasting; neither is community broadcasting formally defined and given recognition in law. This makes it highly improbable for communities to set up and run their own stations. In this regard, the media policy landscape in other Asia Pacific nations is more conducive for community radio. However, such formal recognition in law does not automatically translate to a thriving community radio practice.
He also related that it takes an average of six to seven years to get a community radio license; and since their broadcasting law was passed in , only new community radio licenses have been given. He also observed a downward trend in the number of CR stations in Indonesia — from more than a thousand stations 16 years ago, it is now down to around Meanwhile, Supinya Klangnarong of Thailand said that, while the government has a broadcasting development fund, there are many political and economic pressures that hinder the use of these funds for strengthening community radio.
Recently, provincial governments were given the authority to set up their own radio stations; however, it is the same authority that gives them the power to clamp down on stations. While the proposed law has yet to see the light of day in the elite-dominated chambers of Congress, it is at least a step forward in forging a clear policy on community radio.
Local broadcasters in Mindanao, including AlterMidya members, are also doing lobbying efforts with the NTC for the issuance of special community radio permits. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.
The struggle for community radio in the Philippines. Print page. No Comments. Post A Comment Cancel Reply.
ICLG - Copyright Laws and Regulations - Philippines covers common issues in copyright laws and regulations including copyright subsistence, ownership, exploitation, owners' rights, copyright enforcement and criminal offences in 18 jurisdictions. Original intellectual creations in the literary and artistic domain are protected under the provisions of the Intellectual Property Code of the Philippines IP Code. Section Apart from literary, artistic and musical works, other works covered by copyright include: architecture; computer programs; advertisements; and maps and technical drawings. The following derivative works are also protected by copyright: a dramatisations, translations, adaptations, abridgments, arrangements, and other alterations of literary or artistic works; and b collections of literary, scholarly or artistic works, and compilations of data and other materials which are original by reason of the selection or coordination or arrangement or their contents. The IP Code provides that no protection shall extend to: any idea, procedure, system method or operation, concept, principle, discovery or mere data as such, even if they are expressed, explained, illustrated or embodied in a work; daily news and other miscellaneous facts having the character of mere items of press information; or any official text of a legislative, administrative or legal nature, as well as any official translation thereof.
Official websites use. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. Includes a list of goods that are prohibited from being exported to the country or are otherwise restricted. Philippine law restricts the importation of certain goods for reasons of national security, environmental and public health protection, and order and morality, in addition to complying with international treaties and obligations. Prohibited goods include:.
Commission on Elections [L 2]. Philippine laws have had various nomenclature designations at different periods in the history of the Philippines , as shown in the following table:. The following table lists Philippine laws which have been mentioned in Wikipedia, or are otherwise notable. Only laws passed by Congress and its preceding bodies are listed here; presidential decrees and other executive issuances which may otherwise carry the force of law are excluded for the purpose of this table. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia list article. For particular legal codes of the Philippines, see Philippine legal codes.
Community radio is a radio service offering a third model of radio broadcasting in addition to commercial and public broadcasting. Community stations serve geographic communities and communities of interest.
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