File Name: compare and contrast marx and weber on social class .zip
Social class , also called class , a group of people within a society who possess the same socioeconomic status. Besides being important in social theory, the concept of class as a collection of individuals sharing similar economic circumstances has been widely used in censuses and in studies of social mobility. The term class first came into wide use in the early 19th century, replacing such terms as rank and order as descriptions of the major hierarchical groupings in society. This usage reflected changes in the structure of western European societies after the industrial and political revolutions of the late 18th century. Feudal distinctions of rank were declining in importance, and the new social groups that were developing—the commercial and industrial capitalists and the urban working class in the new factories—were defined mainly in economic terms, either by the ownership of capital or, conversely, by dependence on wages. Although the term class has been applied to social groups in a wide range of societies, including ancient city-states , early empires , and caste or feudal societies, it is most usefully confined to the social divisions in modern societies, particularly industrialized ones.
Weber developed a different approach to the study of social groups and classes than did Marx. For Marx, there were two primary groups in society and these were classes, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat, whose contradictory social relationship is the motive force for change in capitalism. Marx considers these classes to be defined and determined by whether they own the means of production bourgeoisie or whether they do not own the means of production and must sell labour power to those who do proletariat. In contrast, for Weber, social groups and classes are in the sphere of power and are connected to the distribution of power. Given that there are various ways that power can be exercised, for Weber it is not possible to reduce the organization of all these groups to a single dimension or factor such as ownership or non-ownership of the means of production. Rather, for Weber there is a pluralism associated with class structure in that people attempt to achieve ends using various means — each of these may create a grouping such as a class, status group, or party.
For centuries, sociologists have analyzed social stratification, its root causes, and its effects on society. Theorists Karl Marx and Max Weber disagreed about the nature of class, in particular. Other sociologists applied traditional frameworks to stratification. Karl Marx based his conflict theory on the idea that modern society has only two classes of people: the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The bourgeoisie are the owners of the means of production: the factories, businesses, and equipment needed to produce wealth. The proletariat are the workers. According to Marx, the bourgeoisie in capitalist societies exploit workers.
Social class issues have taken a crucial role in the social sciences Martti, It is clear that societies have been stratified into various classes Roberts, Social inequality and the differences between people are two such obvious characteristics in every society that it has become necessary to classify society into the different classes Crompton and Gubbay,
This page of the essay has words. Download the full version above. Marx stressed capitalism and class conflict and Weber stressed rationalisation and bureaucracy.
Introductory Sociology pp Cite as. After introducing the importance of stratification to sociological analysis, this chapter explores the concept of social class, and asks whether class is still a significant feature of contemporary society. You should gain a sense of the different approaches to social class, and how these build on but go beyond the classical Marxist and Weberian perspectives. You should also be able to understand the substantive issues that surround the debates over wealth and poverty in industrialised societies. Unable to display preview.
Essay: What are the differences and similarities between Marx's and Weber's understandings of capitalist society? Introduction Karl Marx and Max Weber are two remarkable founding fathers of Sociology. Both of them spent huge effort to study the rise of capitalist society. Marx created conflict theory paradigm called Marxism while Weber inspired the symbolic interactionism, both paradigm are still influential nowaday.
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