File Name: air prevention and control of pollution act 1981 notes .zip
It was established in under the Water Prevention and Control of pollution Act, It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests under the provisions of the Environment Protection Act, It Co-ordinates the activities of the State Pollution Control Boards by providing technical assistance and guidance and also resolves disputes among them.
She is currently interning with LatestLaws. Of the 3 million premature deaths in the world that occur each year due to outdoor and indoor air pollution, the highest numbers are assessed to occur in India. According to the World Health Organization, the capital city New Delhi is one of the top most polluted cities in the world. Surveys indicate that in New Delhi the incidence of respiratory disease due to air pollution is about 12 times the national average. The act provides for the prevention, control and abatement of air pollution. It also provides for the establishment of Boards with a view to carrying out the aforesaid purposes.
India participated in the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held in Stockholm in June to take appropriate steps for the preservation of the natural resources of the earth which, among other things, include the preservation of the quality of air and control of air pollution. Based on the concluding guidelines of this conference, the Air Act was formulated by the government of India in This is an Act to provide for the prevention and control and abatement of air pollution through various management guidelines and restrictions. One of the prime objectives of this act is carrying out the purposes mentioned above by assigning a set of responsibilities, powers, and functions to the Boards for the prevention and control of air pollution. The act was introduced and incorporated into the Constitution of India in laying down guidelines for the preservation of the quality of air and control of air pollution. There are a set of terms and conditions regarding the services of the members of the boards under the Water Act. The most important ones are as follows:.
In light of recent alarming trends in air quality of India, I felt that it is a good idea to revisit one of the most important environmental legislation to have come into effect in India, and to see what the government had in mind when it came out with this Act. The Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, came soon after the the Water Act of , and sought to provide a rounded legislation for the major environmental aspects of the India. The Air Act has the primary aim of providing provisions to abate and control air pollution in the country, and sets up Boards in the centre and the state to carry out the necessary steps to achieve this aim. The Boards are given the power to set up regulations to ensure that air pollution is controlled in the country. The legislation also gives the Boards power to take action on the entities that fail to meet the air quality standards that are set. The Act contains 54 sections, and VII chapters. Chapter II and Chapter III sets out the roles and responsibilities of the pollution control boards, Chapter IV regulates the pollution standards that are set and how they can be monitored and Chapter VI describes the penalties imposed in case of noncompliance.
Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, Act no. Follow SCJudgments. Login : Advocate Client. Short Title, Extent and commencement. Central Pollution Control Board.
Their rights could be controlled by the Air Pollution Act, , issuing a direction that they may take action under these provisions of law.
This article explores a brief history of the Air Prevention and Control of Air Pollution Act and the reason for its introduction. It explores the provisions for the setting up of Boards for pollution control and regulation, along with looking at some case studies regarding clean air. Many of us must be aware of the plight of Delhi residents in the winter.
It is also a comprehensive legislation with more than fifty sections. It makes provisions, interalia, for Central and State Boards, power to declare pollution control areas, restrictions on certain industrial units, authority of the Boards to limit emission of air pollutants, power of entry, inspection, taking samples and analysis, penalties, offences by companies and Government and cognizance of offences etc.. The Act specifically empowers State Government to designate air pollution areas and to prescribe the type of fuel to be used in these designated areas. According to this Act, no person can operate certain types of industries including the asbestos, cement, fertilizer and petroleum industries without consent of the State Board. The Board can predicate its consent upon the fulfillment of certain conditions.
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