File Name: vision perception and cognition zoltan .zip
The sway area and sway path length decreased significantly in the training group, but it did not show any changes in the control group. Cognitive treatments using computers, which began with memory training, are being widely used these days 1. A computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation training program consists of exercises focused on visual reaction, visual scanning, attention, information processing speed, memory, and problem solving.
These exercises can not only provide flexibility and adjustment within a treatment regimen, but may also shorten treatment time. The causes of decreasing cognitive information processing speeds among the elderly include the decrease in the number of brain cells, the weakening of motor nerve cells, and a decrease in general activity 4.
Cognitive dysfunction begins with memory decline and is accompanied by miscalculation, disorientation, misjudgment, and comprehension disability, all of which greatly affect daily life 5.
The sensory process undertaken during balancing refers to the interaction among the somatic senses, including proprioception, visual sense, and stereotactic input from the vestibular system 7. One study of cognition and balance reported that the reduction of balance ability due to aging is associated with cognitive function 8.
Furthermore, in a study of senses and balance, with patients divided into different age groups, Colledge et al. With the above in mind, this study was conducted to investigate the effects of computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation training on cognition and balance ability, an area closely related to daily living activities of the elderly, and to present a therapeutic program for reduced cognitive function and a safe therapeutic approach for elderly people who have difficulty engaging in physical exercise.
Thirty typical elderly people between the ages of 65 and 80 were randomly assigned to a computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation training group of 15 subjects or a control group of 15 subjects. A description of the purpose and methods of the study was provided to all the participants, and the experiments were conducted after the participants had read and signed an informed consent form.
Subject characteristics are summarized in Table 1. The intervention used by the computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation group was the visual interruption training found in the RehaCom program and the visual construction ability program of the attention training program. The subjects performed these exercises for 30 minutes per session, three sessions per week, for six weeks.
Data analyses were undertaken using the independent t-test to analyze the characteristics of the subjects and the differences between the two groups. This was done using SPSS In order to compare the foot pressure training before and after the program, the paired t-test was conducted.
The level of statistical significance was chosen as 0. The cognitive function of the elderly plays a key role in the independent performance of functional activities including daily living abilities The evaluation and treatment of the reduced cognitive function of typical elderly people due to normal aging, and the cognitive damage due to neurological diseases such as dementia, is critical for the maintenance of independent living and the quality of life of elderly people.
In general, clinical therapies for the cognitive functions of the elderly include psychological approaches such as music therapy and reminiscence therapy, cognitive aids to compensate for cognitive impairment and computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation training The effects of computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation training programs used in clinical settings for cognitive rehabilitation of brain-injury patients, the elderly, and dementia patients have been confirmed in many studies 12 , According to Gunther et al.
On the other hand, Chen et al. The MMSE-K score for the period of treatment showed significant differences in the training group, but not in the control group. To sustain the ability to balance, an appropriate response to environmental changes needs be followed instantaneously, and a proper response can be made possible by quick information processing abilities 9 , which heavily rely on selective attention.
For this reason, the sway area and distance also decreased significantly in the training group, but not in the control group. Based on these results, we conclude that a computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation program can be used as a therapeutic approach restoring the cognitive functions and balance abilities of elderly people who have limitations on their physical activities due to aging.
Furthermore, this approach can be used as an alternative clinical program for preventing the decline of cognitive function of, and falls by, the elderly. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. J Phys Ther Sci. Published online Dec Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
Received May 15; Accepted Jun This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a six-week-long computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation training program on the improvement of cognition and balance abilities of the elderly. Key words: Computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation, Cognition, Static balance.
Table 1. General characteristics of the subjects. Open in a separate window. Table 2. Comparison of variables between pre- and post-intervention in each group. Zoltan B: Vision, Perception and Cognition, 3rd ed. Di Fabio RP: Sensitivity and specificity of platform posturography for identifying patients with vestibular dysfunction.
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The articles prior to January are part of the back file collection and are not available with a current paid subscription. To access the article, you may purchase it or purchase the complete back file collection here. Vision, Perception and Cognition is intended to be a resource book that reflects the current state of the art in the evaluation and treatment that of visual, perceptual, and cognitive processing deficits for the adult with neurological impairment. The stated goal of this manual is that it be useful to both the student and the experienced occupational therapy practitioner and foster good clinical reasoning skills that stimulate future research. The book addresses both top-down and bottom-up approaches to evaluation and treatment and uses a holistic approach to patient care. The book is divided into 12 chapters. Chapter 1 describes the theoretical basis and the underlying assumptions used to guide practice dedsions.
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The sway area and sway path length decreased significantly in the training group, but it did not show any changes in the control group. Cognitive treatments using computers, which began with memory training, are being widely used these days 1.
It provides the student and practicing clinician with many helpful resources, including specific standardized assessments, occupationally based assessments and dynamic assessments as well as additional references to consult for further reading. As each chapter addresses a particular set of deficits and skills, clinicians can also quickly refer to specific chapters of interest as questions arise in their practices. Mayston, Physiotherapy "The strength of the book lies in the chapters relating to cognitive-perceptual functions, most of which provide sufficient but not overwhelming background material on the function, highly detailed descriptions of evaluation methods, and moderately thorough reviews of treatment interventions.
The project aims at the unification of vision-based sensing in the CoP Cognitive Perception in the learning and planning system. On the one hand, CoP manages the interpretation of different kinds of sensors and, on the other hand, it automatically acquires and maintains the knowledge about the world and objects in the world. CoP selects sensors and sensor interpretation algorithms based on their expected utility.
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